The impetus for the requirement was partisan fairness.
Andrew Hacker explains in his 1964 book Many of the states, therefore, elected all of their representatives on a statewide, or at-large, basis.
Section II of Article 1 of the Constitution states "The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second year by the People of the several States....
Representatives...shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers." The Constitution did not, however, specify the manner in which representatives are to be apportioned -- only that there be a certain number of representatives from each state.
An ambitious California law intended to help create retirement security for low-income workers is in the crosshairs of the Trump-era Congress, which is moving to block the state and others from launching programs to automatically enroll millions of people in IRA-type savings plans.
Forcing companies to provide paid sick leave, however, would reduce employee control.
State legislators in California and New York have introduced bills to effectively ban encryption on any smartphone sold in their states. Ted Lieu, D-Calif., who is sponsoring the federal bill with Reps.
Blake Farenthold, R-Texas, Suzan Del Bene, D-Wash., and Mike Bishop, R-Mich.
In 1842, six states were electing representatives at-large and twenty-two states were electing representatives by single-member district. First Requirement for Single-Member Districts This arrangement changed with an apportionment act in 1842 (5 Stat. This act set the House membership at 223 members and contained a requirement for single-member districts.
It stated that representatives "should be elected by districts composed of contiguous territory equal in number to the number of representatives to which said state may be entitled, no one district electing more than one representative." Thus single-member districts were officially instituted by Congress.